This two-page handout educates people about radiation therapy, which is the use of high doses of radiation for cancer treatment. It explains that the treatment uses radiation to cure cancer by destroying cancer cells, control cancer by stopping the cancer cells from spreading, and reduce symptoms such as pain. The document discusses the two types of radiation therapy: external radiation therapy, which uses a machine that directs high-energy rays at the cancer, and internal radiation therapy, also called brachytherapy or implant therapy, in which the radiation source is put in the body in or near the cancer. It outlines safety measures and side effects of radiation therapy.
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